How Green is Green?
BA HONS Graphic Design Year 3
New Designers 2014
One of the biggest businesses of all is war. Most modern wars are fought for control of oil and other profitable endeavours. The winning invading countries reap great profits from the resources of the land they acquire through warfare, at the cost of the locals of the country they invaded, and at the cost of the taxpayer back home. Gone are the days in which wars were fought for political means. Combat is now a profitable enterprise.
The reason economic growth is only felt by a select few, whilst the masses are increasingly worse off, is because all of that wealth is hoarded at the top. The 85 richest earn as much as much money between themselves as the total income of 3.5 billion of the poorest people. It would seem that the richer the rich get, the poorer the poor get.
What is best for the environment is rarely what is best for the wallet. But the public are increasingly demanding environmentally friendly products. As long as money is the primary factor in making decisions for the future, the most environmentally friendly and sustainable option will never be the choice.
There are legal, medicinal versions of many of the harder, illicit substances available healthcare system, often used to treat pain. There are as many addictive prescription meds as there are illicit, they just as open to abuse, and just as damaging when taken in excess, but without the stigma that is attached to the illegal alternatives.
Despite the climate so obviously becoming more erratic and unpredictable, many people continue to deny global warming exists. This year, the House of Commons select committee on energy and climate change, as part of an inquiry into the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, called upon six witnesses to testify. Half of the evidence sessions were devoted to climate change sceptics, rather than environmental experts who represent the
consensus of the scientific community, that the change in climate is caused by humans.
Carbon Dioxide levels in the atmosphere are about to reach 400ppm. The last time CO2 levels were this high was around 5.3 – 2.6 million years ago during an era known as the Pliocene. If we don’t reduce levels of CO2. This could include temperature rises of 3 degrees Celsius, a 15m rise in sea levels, increased rainfall, loss of desert regions, and an incredibly varied climate. Scientists cannot be sure exactly how the Earth will react to 400ppm, as during the Pliocene, CO2 was released far more slowly over a much longer period of time than is currently happening.
Built-in obsolescence is considered a necessity to large companies in order to maximise on profits. They manufacture products from the cheapest materials to cut back on cost. These inferior materials are prone to breaking which is, counter-intuitive though it may be, a plus for the company. When these products break, the average consumer will replace the product. If a business sold customers products that were built from the best possible materials and designed to last as long as possible, they would not be making money on replacement goods.
The human race is entirely dependant on nature. It is a source of clean air, food, water, shelter and recreation. Every single object and commodity originated from natural resources. We over consume at a much greater pace than nature can keep up with. A continuation of this culture of greed and materialism will eventually be the downfall of the human race, when everything in nature has been consumed, taking us along with it.
Another way to make an extra buck or two on a product is to tell the consumer public that there are dwindling supplies left and then raise the price. This happens frequently, notably with recurrent news of a shortage in oil reserves. Companies can create increased demand by scaring the public into buying in excess before the precious oil runs out. Illusion to the public that air is in limited supply and it will soon be worth as much as gold.
It has become entirely unsurprising in the modern world to hear that a big oil company has spilt thousands of tonnes of oil into an ocean somewhere in the world. Oil spills have become so frequent that they’ve started overlapping. In 2011, Shell spilt 40,000 barrels (according to Shell, the real number is likely to be far higher) of crude oil 75 miles off the Niger Delta coast. This slip happened before Shell had finished cleaning up their previous accident, and the next is likely to come before they have finished cleaning up this one.
Essentially, it would seem, carbon offsetting is nothing more than offsetting your carbon to another place, whilst giving the impression you are reducing your emissions and, of course, making money. Companies simply buy carbon credits instead of reducing their own emissions. Carbon offsetting does not equal reduced carbon emissions, let alone the ‘zero carbon’ or ‘carbon neutral’ claimed by many companies.
Council housing is rife with corruption and privatisation. Residents in council housing often don’t have their basic needs met by the landlords, being left to reside in damp, mouldy, squalid conditions. There is a public perception that those with nothing should just be grateful for what they have, and don’t have the right to complain about the conditions they are living in.
The human impact on the environment has been made especially apparent over the last couple of years. We have seen some of the most severe and unpredictable weather conditions recorded, from droughts one month, to floods the next. Without intervention, this extreme weather is set to worsen, causing even more damage, destruction, and even death.
Alcohol and tobacco are widely regarded by scientists as the most dangerous of the drugs. Alcohol causes around 2.5 million deaths a year. It goes hand in hand with violent crime, road traffic accidents, theft, fights, abuse, addiction. It’s a wonder this lethal substance is legal, and socially acceptable to consume, whilst less damaging substances are outlawed.
There are a few professions where it really helps to be a psychopath, and banking is top of the list. According to a documentary on Channel 4 for psychopath night, bankers tend to rank very highly on the psychopathy scale. This isn’t to say that all bankers are homicidal maniacs, however. What it does mean, is that the traits of a psychopath; notably ruthlessness, lack of emotional connection, and a desire to get to the top no matter what, or who, stands in the way; lend themselves perfectly to the world of banking.
During the Gulf War, 20 million gallons of herbicide were sprayed onto forests in Kuwait by the US invading forces. This was an organised strategy with the aim of depriving the Viet Cong of cover. It resulted in 4.5 million acres of land being destroyed, which wiped out many native species. Much of the land has still not recovered today.
BA HONS Graphic Design Year 2
Photographed at an abandoned factory
Photographed at Tilbury Fort
Photographed at Coalhouse Fort
Photographed at Coalhouse Fort
Photographed at Dagneham graveyard
Photographed at Tilbury Docks
BA HONS Graphic Design Year 1
Drawn in 1 minute, then digitally edited